For decades, the Brain Injury Association of America has raised consciousness in observing Brain Injury Awareness Month by conducting an engaging public campaign each March. The current campaign is “Change Your Mind.”

In talking about the facts, according to a report by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, traumatic brain injuries accounted for nearly 2.2 million emergency department visits, 280,000 hospitalizations and 50,000 deaths (CDC 2019).

The CDC also reports a traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a disruption in the normal function of the brain that can be caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or penetrating head injury. TBI is a risk factor for everyone, especially children and older adults.

Brain injuries can be identified in three terms normally, which are – mild (concussion is the most common), moderate or severe. And the causes of such injuries can be traumatic or non-traumatic.

A traumatic brain injury is the result of a severe brain injury caused by a fall, motor vehicle accident, gunshot wound, etc. A non-traumatic brain injury results from something going on inside the body — a stroke, tumor, lack of oxygen, etc.

What are the symptoms of a brain injury?

● Headache that gets worse and does not go away

● Weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination

● Repeated vomiting or nausea

● Slurred speech

● Look drowsy or cannot wake up

● Have one pupil (the black part in the middle of the eye) larger than the other

● Have convulsions or seizures

● Cannot recognize people or places

● Are getting more and more confused, restless, or agitated

● Have an unusual behavior

● Lose consciousness

Some of these symptoms may appear immediately and some of them noticed post-injury in days or months. At times, people do not recognize or admit that they are experiencing lingering symptoms that can interfere in daily activities.

Treatments for brain injury

Ideally with any mentioned signs of moderate or severe TBI should receive medical attention as soon as possible. For example, just as no two people are exactly alike, no two brain injuries are exactly alike. For some, brain injury is the start of a lifelong disease.

A brain injury requires access to a full continuum of treatment and community-based support provided by appropriately educated clinicians serving on an interdisciplinary treatment team. The individual who sustains a brain injury and his or her family are the most important members of the treatment team. Their choices, goals, and backgrounds must always be considered in treatment planning.

When to go to the ER with a head injury

To avoid permanent damage and disability, it’s urgent to seek emergency medical treatment when a head injury shows signs of concussion or trauma.

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